A very interesting article from the Guardian, titled “Turkey could cut off Islamic State’s supply lines. So why doesn’t it?”, November 2015. The article is about the connection between the Turkish President, Tayip Erdgoan, and the Islamic State.
The Guardian says that the Turkish President could very easily cut off the supply lines of the Islamic State at the Turkish-Syrian borders but he chooses not to do so. When the Kurds won the battle of Kobani, and they were ready to take Jarabluz too, Erdogan threatened to send in Syria the Turkish army, and the Kurds had to stop. See map 1.
Map 1 Kobani and Jarabluz
According to the Guardian, if the Kurds had taken Jarabluz, the supply lines of ISIS would have been cut, and soon the capital of ISIS i.e. Raqqa, would be lost too. I guess the article means that Raqqa would have come under Shiite control.
Map 2 Regions Controlled by ISIS
You can see at the above map from the Financial Times, that northern Syria is mainly controlled by the Kurds of Syria i.e the regions I have marked with yellow, and there is only a small part through which ISIS is connected to Turkey.
During the war of Kobani I was under the impression that Erdogan was afraid that the Kurds of Syria (YPG) could be connected with the Kurds of Northern Iraq (KRG), and if they could reach the Mediterranean Sea they could together export the oil and gas of Northern Iraq. But that was not what Erdogan was worried about.
Erdogan was worrying that the supply lines of ISIS would be cut off, and that the lines through which ISIS sends its oil to Turkey would be cut off too. Some of the Iraqi oilfields have come under the influence of ISIS, and ISIS is exporting some of that oil to Turkey. See also “The Oilfields of the Islamic State”
The Guardian also says that Erdogan is using the argument that the Kurds of Syria (YPG) are connected to the Kurds of Turkey (PKK), and the PKK has carried out many terrorist attacks in Turkey, and therefore the YPG is also considered by Turkey as a terrorist organization. I have to say that Erdogan is right about that, because the YPG and the PKK are indeed sister organizations.
The article also says that Erdogan supports in Syria the Saudi terrorist organization Al Qaeda. I have to say that Al Qaeda is funded by some parts of the Saudi elites, and it also targets the Saudi King, and is partially supported by Turkey and Iran too. Iran would be very glad to see the Saud family gone, and Turkey has many problems with the Saudis too. However in Syria Al Qaeda is also fighting Iran, and therefore she is very useful for Turkey. For Iran and Al Qaeda things are more complicated. See “The Alliance Between Iran and Al Qaeda”.
The Guardian also says that the recent terrorist attacks in Turkey, which were attributed to ISIS, in a mysterious way targeted the activists who supported the HDP party, which is an alliance between some left groups and the Kurds of Turkey. What the Guardian is basically saying is that Erdogan was behind these terrorist attacks in order to target the HDP. It does not say that explicitly but is says it implicitly. This is the relevant paragraph. The paragraph is also saying that the police was making it difficult for the ambulances to take the injured.
There followed a series of increasingly bloody terrorist bombings inside Turkey – in the cities of Diyarbakir, Suruc, and, finally, Ankara – attacks attributed to Isis but which, for some mysterious reason, only ever seemed to target civilian activists associated with the HDP. Victims have repeatedly reported policepreventing ambulances evacuating the wounded, or even opening fire on survivors with tear gas.
In the first paragraph the Guardian accuses the leaders of the G20 who visited Turkey after the recent terrorist attacks in Paris, because Erdogan is supporting the militants of ISIS, and therefore he is responsible for the attacks.
For the article see
“Turkey could cut off Islamic State’s supply lines. So why doesn’t it?”, November 2015