I was talking yesterday about the Anglo-Argentinean conflict over the Falkland Islands. Among other things, the Falklands allow the English to have claims over the South Ocean and Antarctica, which is the least explored continent on earth. At the following map you can see the South Ocean and Antarctica.
As you can read at the following Guardian article, titled “China eyes Antarctica’s resource bounty”, November 2013, China eyes Antarctica, which will be the 3rd richest continent in oil reserves, if the estimates about 200 billion barrels of oil prove to be true.
Besides her conflict with England, Argentina has territorial disputes with Chile, for the Picton, Lenox and Nueva islands i.e. the Beagle Conflict. Argentina and Chile almost went to military conflict over these islands in 1978, and that’s the reason that Chile supported England during the Falkland War. The conflict between Argentina and Chile started in 1904, when Argentina questioned Chile’s control over the islands. The islands are located under the Tierra del Fuego (Land of Fire).
You can see the Land of Fire at the following map. Her western part belongs to Chile, and her eastern part belongs to Argentina. The aforementioned islands allow their owner to have claims over the South Ocean and Antarctica.
There are main conflicting claims over Antarctica.
For the Guardian article see
“China eyes Antarctica’s resource bounty”, November 2013
For the Beagle Conflict see Wikipedia “Beagle Conflict”
The Beagle conflict was a border dispute between Chile and Argentina over the possession of Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands and the scope of the maritime jurisdiction associated with those islands that brought the countries to the brink of war in 1978.
The Beagle conflict is seen as the main reason for Chilean support to the United Kingdom during the Falklands War of 1982.
The conflict began in 1904 with the first official Argentine claims over the islands that have always been under Chilean control.:§164 The conflict passed through several phases: since 1881 Chilean islands, since 1904 disputed islands, direct negotiations, submitted to a binding international tribunal, direct negotiations again, brinkmanship and settlement.